A Systematic Review of Psychosocial-Based Outcomes in Peer-Support Services
J Evid Based Soc Work. 2020 Sep 7;1-26. doi: 10.1080/26408066.2020.1805385. [Pubmed Abstract]
Mowbray O, Campbell R, Lee M, Fatehi M, Disney L
In determining whether peer support interventions are effective, an examination of the measures used to assess outcomes is essential. Prior reviews often do not account for validly and reliability of measures used in studies, which may lead to conflicting conclusions. Method: Explicit criteria to identify articles of psychosocial based outcomes in peer support services was used. Outcome measures were categorized along broad dimensions, examined for validity and reliability and reviewed for major findings. Results: Thirteen domains of psychosocial based outcomes emerged. Most domains had at least one outcome measure that was valid and reliable. Articles that included valid and reliable outcomes suggests peer support services may be associated with multiple domains. Conclusion: From an examination of the validity and reliability of measures used to evaluate peer support services, a stronger evidence base for services is established. Future directions for both social work research and practice are identified.