Accelerating Best Practices in Peer Support Around the World

systematic review

7.10.19

Application of the CHW model in adult asthma and COPD in the U.S.: a systematic review

BMC Pulm Med. 2019 Jun 26;19(1):116. [Pubmed Abstract]

Parekh TM, Copeland CR, Dransfield MT, Cherrington A

Background
With rising medical costs, stakeholders and healthcare professionals are exploring community-based solutions to relieve the burden of chronic diseases and reduce health care spending. The community health worker (CHW) model is one example that has proven effective in improving patient outcomes globally. We sought to systematically describe the effectiveness of community health worker interventions in improving patient reported outcomes and reducing healthcare utilization in the adult asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) populations in the U.S.

Methods
Studies were included if they were a randomized control trial or involved a pre-post intervention comparison with clearly stated disease specific outcomes, targeted adult patients with asthma or COPD, and were performed in the United States. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Risk…

5.20.16

Review: Peer Support for the Hardly Reached

Am J Public Health. 2016 May 19:e1-e8. [Pubmed Abstract]

Peer Support for the Hardly Reached: A Systematic Review
Sokol R, Fisher E

Background
Health disparities are aggravated when prevention and care initiatives fail to reach those they are intended to help. Groups can be classified as hardly reached according to a variety of circumstances that fall into 3 domains: individual (e.g., psychological factors), demographic (e.g., socioeconomic status), and cultural-environmental (e.g., social network). Several reports have indicated that peer support is an effective means of reaching hardly reached individuals. However, no review has explored peer support effectiveness in relation to the circumstances associated with being hardly reached or across diverse health problems.

Objectives
To conduct a systematic review assessing the reach and effectiveness of peer support among hardly reached individuals, as well as peer support strategies used.

Search Methods
Three systematic…

5.5.16

Review: Effects of CHW Interventions to Improve Chronic Disease Management and Care Among Vulnerable Populations

Am J Public Health. 2016 Apr;106(4):e3-e28. [Pubmed Abstract]

Effects of Community-Based Health Worker Interventions to Improve Chronic Disease Management and Care Among Vulnerable Populations: A Systematic Review
Kim K, Choi JS, Choi E, Nieman CL, Joo JH, Lin FR, Gitlin LN, Han HR

Background
Community-based health workers (CBHWs) are frontline public health workers who are trusted members of the community they serve. Recently, considerable attention has been drawn to CBHWs in promoting healthy behaviors and health outcomes among vulnerable populations who often face health inequities.

Objectives
We performed a systematic review to synthesize evidence concerning the types of CBHW interventions, the qualification and characteristics of CBHWs, and patient outcomes and cost-effectiveness of such interventions in vulnerable populations with chronic, noncommunicable conditions.

Search Methods
We undertook 4 electronic database searches-PubMed, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to…

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