Accelerating Best Practices in Peer Support Around the World

Review

2.21.17

Impact of CHWs on Use of Healthcare Services in the United States: A Systematic Review

Jack HE, Arabadjis SD, Sun L, Sullivan EE, Phillips RS

J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Dec 5. [Pubmed Abstract]

Background
As the US transitions to value-based healthcare, physicians and payers are incentivized to change healthcare delivery to improve quality of care while controlling costs. By assisting with the management of common chronic conditions, community health workers (CHWs) may improve healthcare quality, but physicians and payers who are making choices about care delivery also need to understand their effects on healthcare spending.

Methods
We searched PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, Embase, and Web of Science from the inception of each database to 22 June 2015. We included US-based studies that evaluated a CHW intervention for patients with at least one chronic health condition and reported cost or healthcare utilization outcomes. We evaluated studies using tools specific to study…

8.31.16

Peer-Delivered Recovery Support Services for Addictions in the United States: A Systematic Review

J Subst Abuse Treat. 2016 Apr;63:1-9. [Pubmed Abstract]

Peer-Delivered Recovery Support Services for Addictions in the United States: A Systematic Review
Bassuk EL, Hanson J, Greene RN, Richard M, Laudet A

Abstract
This systematic review identifies, appraises, and summarizes the evidence on the effectiveness of peer-delivered recovery support services for people in recovery from alcohol and drug addiction. Nine studies met criteria for inclusion in the review. They were assessed for quality and outcomes including substance use and recovery-related factors. Despite significant methodological limitations found in the included studies, the body of evidence suggests salutary effects on participants. Current limitations and recommendations for future research are discussed.

5.5.16

Review: Effects of CHW Interventions to Improve Chronic Disease Management and Care Among Vulnerable Populations

Am J Public Health. 2016 Apr;106(4):e3-e28. [Pubmed Abstract]

Effects of Community-Based Health Worker Interventions to Improve Chronic Disease Management and Care Among Vulnerable Populations: A Systematic Review
Kim K, Choi JS, Choi E, Nieman CL, Joo JH, Lin FR, Gitlin LN, Han HR

Background
Community-based health workers (CBHWs) are frontline public health workers who are trusted members of the community they serve. Recently, considerable attention has been drawn to CBHWs in promoting healthy behaviors and health outcomes among vulnerable populations who often face health inequities.

Objectives
We performed a systematic review to synthesize evidence concerning the types of CBHW interventions, the qualification and characteristics of CBHWs, and patient outcomes and cost-effectiveness of such interventions in vulnerable populations with chronic, noncommunicable conditions.

Search Methods
We undertook 4 electronic database searches-PubMed, EMBASE, Cumulative Index to…

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