Documenting CHW Roles in Primary Care: Contributions to Evidence-Based Integration Into Health Care Teams, 2015
J Ambul Care Manage. 2017 Oct/Dec;40(4):305-315. [Pubmed Abstract]
Reinschmidt KM, Ingram M, Morales S, Sabo SJ, Blackburn J, Murrieta L, David C, Carvajal SC
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act provided community health workers (CHWs) with new opportunities, and current efforts develop evidence-based guidelines for CHW integration into clinical teams. This qualitative study documents CHW roles and activities in 3 federally qualified health care centers in southern Arizona. Community health worker clinical roles, activities, and integration varied by health center and were in flux. Integration included complementary roles, scheduled and everyday communications with team members, and documentation in the electronic health records. These findings contribute to evidence-based guidelines for CHW integration into clinical teams that are critical to maximizing CHW contributions to patient health improvements.
A pilot study of a Community Health Agent-led type 2 diabetes self-management program using MI-based approaches in a public primary care center in São Paulo, Brazil
do Valle Nascimento TM, Resnicow K, Nery M, Brentani A, Kaselitz E, Agrawal P, M and S, Heisler M
BMC Health Serv Res. 2017 Jan 13;17(1):32. [Pubmed Abstract]
Rates of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as type 2 diabetes are escalating in low and middle-income countries such as Brazil. Scalable primary care-based interventions are needed to improve self-management and clinical outcomes of adults with diabetes. This pilot study examines the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of training community health agents (CHAs) in Motivational Interviewing (MI)-based counseling for patients with poorly controlled diabetes in a primary care center in São Paulo, Brazil.
Nineteen salaried CHAs participated in 32 h of training in MI and behavioral action planning. With support from booster training sessions, they used these skills in their regular monthly home visits over a 6 month period with 57 diabetes patients with baseline HbA1cs > 7.0%. The primary…
Benchmarks for Reducing Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Through CHWs Integrated Into Primary Care: A Cost-Benefit Analysis
Med Care. 2016 Aug 19. [Pubmed Abstract]
Benchmarks for Reducing Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Through Community Health Workers Integrated Into Primary Care: A Cost-Benefit Analysis
Basu S, Jack HE, Arabadjis SD, Phillips RS
Uncertainty about the financial costs and benefits of community health worker (CHW) programs remains a barrier to their adoption.
To determine how much CHWs would need to reduce emergency department (ED) visits and associated hospitalizations among their assigned patients to be cost-neutral from a payer’s perspective.
Using a microsimulation of patient health care utilization, costs, and revenues, we estimated what portion of ED visits and hospitalizations for different conditions would need to be prevented by a CHW program to fully pay for the program’s expenses. The model simulated CHW programs enrolling patients with a history of at least 1 ED visit for a chronic condition in the prior…