Documenting CHW Roles in Primary Care: Contributions to Evidence-Based Integration Into Health Care Teams, 2015
J Ambul Care Manage. 2017 Oct/Dec;40(4):305-315. [Pubmed Abstract]
Reinschmidt KM, Ingram M, Morales S, Sabo SJ, Blackburn J, Murrieta L, David C, Carvajal SC
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act provided community health workers (CHWs) with new opportunities, and current efforts develop evidence-based guidelines for CHW integration into clinical teams. This qualitative study documents CHW roles and activities in 3 federally qualified health care centers in southern Arizona. Community health worker clinical roles, activities, and integration varied by health center and were in flux. Integration included complementary roles, scheduled and everyday communications with team members, and documentation in the electronic health records. These findings contribute to evidence-based guidelines for CHW integration into clinical teams that are critical to maximizing CHW contributions to patient health improvements.
Benchmarks for Reducing Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Through CHWs Integrated Into Primary Care: A Cost-Benefit Analysis
Med Care. 2016 Aug 19. [Pubmed Abstract]
Benchmarks for Reducing Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Through Community Health Workers Integrated Into Primary Care: A Cost-Benefit Analysis
Basu S, Jack HE, Arabadjis SD, Phillips RS
Uncertainty about the financial costs and benefits of community health worker (CHW) programs remains a barrier to their adoption.
To determine how much CHWs would need to reduce emergency department (ED) visits and associated hospitalizations among their assigned patients to be cost-neutral from a payer’s perspective.
Using a microsimulation of patient health care utilization, costs, and revenues, we estimated what portion of ED visits and hospitalizations for different conditions would need to be prevented by a CHW program to fully pay for the program’s expenses. The model simulated CHW programs enrolling patients with a history of at least 1 ED visit for a chronic condition in the prior…
Toward A Scalable, Patient-Centered CHW Model: Adapting the IMPaCT Intervention for Use in the Outpatient Setting
Popul Health Manag. 2016 Mar 23. [Pubmed Abstract]
Toward A Scalable, Patient-Centered Community Health Worker Model: Adapting the IMPaCT Intervention for Use in the Outpatient Setting
Kangovi S, Carter T, Charles D, Smith RA, Glanz K, Long JA, Grande D
Community health worker (CHW) programs are an increasingly popular strategy for patient-centered care. Many health care organizations are building CHW programs through trial and error, rather than implementing or adapting evidence-based interventions. This study used a qualitative design-mapping process to adapt an evidence-based CHW intervention, originally developed and tested in the hospital setting, for use among outpatients with multiple chronic conditions. The study involved qualitative in-depth, semi-structured interviews with chronically ill, uninsured, or Medicaid outpatients from low-income zip codes (n = 21) and their primary care practice staff (n = 30). Three key themes informed adaptation of the…