Accelerating Best Practices in Peer Support Around the World

Hospitalization

11.30.17

Innovative Home Visit Models Associated With Reductions In Costs, Hospitalizations, And Emergency Department Use

Health Aff (Millwood). 2017 Mar 1;36(3):425-432. [Pubmed Abstract]

Ruiz S, Snyder LP, Rotondo C, Cross-Barnet C, Colligan EM, Giuriceo K

Abstract
While studies of home-based care delivered by teams led by primary care providers have shown cost savings, little is known about outcomes when practice-extender teams-that is, teams led by registered nurses or lay health workers-provide home visits with similar components (for example, care coordination and education). We evaluated findings from five models funded by Health Care Innovation Awards of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. Each model used a mix of different components to strengthen connections to primary care among fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries with multiple chronic conditions; these connections included practice-extender home visits. Two models achieved significant reductions in Medicare expenditures, and three models reduced utilization in the form of emergency department visits, hospitalizations, or…

9.27.16

Benchmarks for Reducing Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Through CHWs Integrated Into Primary Care: A Cost-Benefit Analysis

Med Care. 2016 Aug 19. [Pubmed Abstract]

Benchmarks for Reducing Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Through Community Health Workers Integrated Into Primary Care: A Cost-Benefit Analysis
Basu S, Jack HE, Arabadjis SD, Phillips RS

Background
Uncertainty about the financial costs and benefits of community health worker (CHW) programs remains a barrier to their adoption.

Objectives
To determine how much CHWs would need to reduce emergency department (ED) visits and associated hospitalizations among their assigned patients to be cost-neutral from a payer’s perspective.

Research Design
Using a microsimulation of patient health care utilization, costs, and revenues, we estimated what portion of ED visits and hospitalizations for different conditions would need to be prevented by a CHW program to fully pay for the program’s expenses. The model simulated CHW programs enrolling patients with a history of at least 1 ED visit for a chronic condition in the prior…

4.29.14

Peer Support for Diabetes Reduces Stress and Hospitalizations Among Highly Distressed

JAMA Intern Med. Published online April 28, 2014. [Abstract]

Effects of Telephone-Based Peer Support in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Receiving Integrated Care
Juliana C. N. Chan; Yi Sui; Brian Oldenburg; Yuying Zhang; Harriet H. Y. Chung; William Goggins; Shimen Au; Nicola Brown; Risa Ozaki; Rebecca Y. M. Wong; Gary T. C. Ko; Ed Fisher

Objective
To investigate if frequent contacts through a telephone-based peer support program (Peer Support, Empowerment, and Remote Communication Linked by Information Technology [PEARL]) would improve cardiometabolic risk and health outcomes by enhancing psychological well-being and self-care in patients receiving integrated care implemented through a web-based multicomponent quality improvement program (JADE [Joint Asia Diabetes Evaluation]).

Design, Setting, and Participants
Between 2009 and 2010, 628 of 2766 Hong Kong Chinese patients with T2DM from 3 publicly funded hospital-based diabetes centers were randomized…

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