Accelerating Best Practices in Peer Support Around the World

Health Policy

2.21.17

Impact of CHWs on Use of Healthcare Services in the United States: A Systematic Review

Jack HE, Arabadjis SD, Sun L, Sullivan EE, Phillips RS

J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Dec 5. [Pubmed Abstract]

Background
As the US transitions to value-based healthcare, physicians and payers are incentivized to change healthcare delivery to improve quality of care while controlling costs. By assisting with the management of common chronic conditions, community health workers (CHWs) may improve healthcare quality, but physicians and payers who are making choices about care delivery also need to understand their effects on healthcare spending.

Methods
We searched PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PsycINFO, Embase, and Web of Science from the inception of each database to 22 June 2015. We included US-based studies that evaluated a CHW intervention for patients with at least one chronic health condition and reported cost or healthcare utilization outcomes. We evaluated studies using tools specific to study…

9.27.16

Benchmarks for Reducing Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Through CHWs Integrated Into Primary Care: A Cost-Benefit Analysis

Med Care. 2016 Aug 19. [Pubmed Abstract]

Benchmarks for Reducing Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations Through Community Health Workers Integrated Into Primary Care: A Cost-Benefit Analysis
Basu S, Jack HE, Arabadjis SD, Phillips RS

Background
Uncertainty about the financial costs and benefits of community health worker (CHW) programs remains a barrier to their adoption.

Objectives
To determine how much CHWs would need to reduce emergency department (ED) visits and associated hospitalizations among their assigned patients to be cost-neutral from a payer’s perspective.

Research Design
Using a microsimulation of patient health care utilization, costs, and revenues, we estimated what portion of ED visits and hospitalizations for different conditions would need to be prevented by a CHW program to fully pay for the program’s expenses. The model simulated CHW programs enrolling patients with a history of at least 1 ED visit for a chronic condition in the prior…

4.13.16

CHW Integration in Health Care, Public Health, and Policy

J Ambul Care Manage. 2016 Jan-Mar;39(1):2-11. [Pubmed Abstract]

Community Health Worker Integration in Health Care, Public Health, and Policy: A Partnership Model
Wilkinson GW, Mason T, Hirsch G, Calista JL, Holt L, Toledo J, Zotter J

Abstract
Health care systems and public health agencies are focusing increased attention on the capacity of community health workers (CHWs) to improve health outcomes for vulnerable populations and to support integration of clinical and community prevention services. This article describes 3 initiatives in Massachusetts in which the state public health department has collaborated with CHW leaders, health providers, and community-based partners to develop innovative policy and services, including state certification of CHWs, integrated chronic disease programs, and a state-funded pilot program to demonstrate return on investment for community-based prevention. Concluding lessons are relevant for implementation of health care reform nation-wide.

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