Accelerating Best Practices in Peer Support Around the World

Disparities

7.7.20

Lazos Hispanos: Promising Strategies and Lessons Learned in the Development of a Multisystem, Community-Based Promotoras Program

J Prim Prev. 2020;41(3):229-243. doi:10.1007/s10935-020-00587-z. [Pubmed Abstract]

Matthew RA, Orpinas P, Calva A, Bermudez JM, Darbisi C

Abstract
U.S. Latinos face multiple inter-related barriers to access health and social services. Researchers and practitioners have called upon community-based participatory research (CBPR) to address such challenges and health disparities, with the community health worker-or promotoras-model evidencing positive outcomes. What is less clear, however, are the promising strategies to support the development of a multisystem, community-based promotoras program. In response, the current study applied a CBPR conceptual model as an organizing framework to develop a promotora program. Lazos Hispanos (Hispanic Links) was developed to enhance the health and well-being of Latinx residing in low-income communities in the Southeastern United States. This study highlights 16 lessons learned, anchored in the first two dimensions of the CBPR conceptual…

5.21.20

Integrating Social Needs Screening and CHWs in Primary Care: The Community Linkage to Care Program

Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2020 Jun;59(6):547-556. [Pubmed Abstract]

Fiori KP, Rehm CD, Sanderson D, Braganza S, Parsons A, Chodon T, Whiskey R, Bernard P, & Rinke ML

Abstract
Clinic-based social needs screening has been associated with increased access to social services and improved health outcomes. Using a pragmatic study design in an urban pediatric practice, we used logistic regression to identify factors associated with successful social service uptake. From December 2017 to November 2018, 4948 households were screened for social needs, and 20% self-reported at least one. Of the 287 households with unmet needs who were referred and interested in further assistance, 43% reported successful social service uptake. Greater than 4 outreach encounters (adjusted odds ratio = 1.92; 95% confidence interval = 1.06-3.49) and follow-up time >30 days (adjusted odds ratio = 0.43; 95% confidence interval = 0.25-0.73) were significantly associated with successful referrals. These…

2.5.20

A Novel Intervention for High-Need, High-Cost Medicaid Patients: a Study of ECHO Care

J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Jan;35(1):21-27. doi: 10.1007/s11606-019-05206-0. Epub 2019 Oct 30. [Pubmed Abstract]

Komaromy M, Bartlett J, Gonzales-van Horn SR, Zurawski A, Kalishman SG, Zhu Y, Davis HT, Ceballos V, Sun X, Jurado M, Page K, Hamblin A, Arora S

Background
A small number of high-need patients account for a disproportionate amount of Medicaid spending, yet typically engage little in outpatient care and have poor outcomes.

Objective
To address this issue, we developed ECHO (Extension for Community Health Outcomes) Care™, a complex care intervention in which outpatient intensivist teams (OITs) provided care to high-need high-cost (HNHC) Medicaid patients. Teams were supported using the ECHO model™, a continuing medical education approach that connects specialists with primary care providers for case-based mentoring to treat complex diseases.

Design
Using an interrupted time series analysis of Medicaid claims data, we measured healthcare utilization and…

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