Accelerating Best Practices in Peer Support Around the World

Disparities

10.14.19

Home Visit Intervention Promotes Lifestyle Changes: Results of an RCT in Mexican Americans

Am J Prev Med. 2019 Sep 27. pii: S0749-3797(19)30307-1. [Pubmed Abstract]

Vidoni ML, Lee M, Mitchell-Bennett L, Reininger BM

Introduction
Hispanic populations are less likely that other ethnicities to meet physical activity guidelines. Community health worker (CHW) outreach is an effective delivery method for behavior change messages owing to shared culture, language, and life experience. This study examined the efficacy of a CHW-delivered intervention, Tu Salud ¡Si Cuenta! (Your Health Matters!) at Home Intervention, to promote physical activity among Mexican Americans.

Study Design
RCT.

Setting and Participants
Mexican Americans living along the Texas-Mexico border from June 2010 to April 2013.

Intervention
Eligible adults were randomized into intervention (n=250) or standard care (n=250). Intervention participants received 6 monthly CHW visits that included education, motivation, and support for lifestyle changes. Standard care was potentially exposed to a…

4.9.18

CHW Support for Disadvantaged Patients With Multiple Chronic Diseases: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Am J Public Health. 2017 Oct;107(10):1660-1667. [Pubmed Abstract]

Kangovi S, Mitra N, Grande D, Huo H, Smith RA, Long JA

Objectives
To determine whether a community health worker (CHW) intervention improved outcomes in a low-income population with multiple chronic conditions.

Methods
We conducted a single-blind, randomized clinical trial in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (2013-2014). Participants (n = 302) were high-poverty neighborhood residents, uninsured or publicly insured, and diagnosed with 2 or more chronic diseases (diabetes, obesity, tobacco dependence, hypertension). All patients set a disease-management goal. Patients randomly assigned to CHWs also received 6 months of support tailored to their goals and preferences.

Results
Support from CHWs (vs goal-setting alone) led to improvements in several chronic diseases (changes in glycosylated hemoglobin: -0.4 vs 0.0; body mass index: -0.3 vs -0.1; cigarettes per day: -5.5 vs -1.3; systolic blood pressure: -1.8 vs…

4.9.18

RCT of a CHW Self-Management Support Intervention Among Low-Income Adults With Diabetes, Seattle, Washington, 2010-2014

Prev Chronic Dis. 2017 Feb 9;14:E15. [Pubmed Abstract]

Nelson K, Taylor L, Silverman J, Kiefer M, Hebert P, Lessler D, Krieger J

Introductions
Community health workers (CHWs) can improve diabetes outcomes; however, questions remain about translating research findings into practical low-intensity models for safety-net providers. We tested the effectiveness of a home-based low-intensity CHW intervention for improving health outcomes among low-income adults with diabetes.

Methods
Low-income patients with glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of 8.0% or higher in the 12 months before enrollment from 3 safety-net providers were randomized to a 12-month CHW-delivered diabetes self-management intervention or usual care. CHWs were based at a local health department. The primary outcome was change in HbA1c from baseline enrollment to 12 months; secondary outcomes included blood pressure and lipid levels, quality of life, and health care use.

Results
The change in HbA1c in the…

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