Mobile-Enhanced Peer Support for African Americans with T2D
J Gen Intern Med. 2020 Jul 22. doi: 10.1007/s11606-020-06011-w. [Pubmed Abstract]
Caroline Presley, April Agne, Tanya Shelton, Robert Oster, Andrea Cherrington
Peer support has been shown to improve diabetes self-management and control, but no standard exists to link peer support interventions to clinical care.
To compare a community-based diabetes self-management education (DSME) plus mobile health (mHealth)-enhanced peer support intervention to community-based diabetes self-management education (DSME) alone for African American adults with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes.
A randomized controlled trial.
African American adults, age > 19 years, receiving care within a safety-net healthcare system in Jefferson County, Alabama, with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and a hemoglobin A1c (A1C) ≥ 7.5%.
Participants in the intervention group received community-based diabetes self-management education (DSME)…
Peer Support Intervention Improves Pain-Related Outcomes Among Rural Adults With Diabetes and Chronic Pain at 12-Month Follow-Up
J Rural Health. 2020 Mar 2. doi: 10.1111/jrh.12422. [Pubmed Abstract]
Khodneva Y, Richman J, Andreae S, Cherrington A, Safford MM
Adults with diabetes mellitus (DM) suffer often from chronic pain, yet evidence-based interventions for comorbid pain and DM are scarce. We tested the effect of a peer-led cognitive behavioral training (CBT) intervention on pain self-efficacy (PSE), pain intensity, and pain-related functional limitations (PRFL) in adults with DM, 1 year after trial initiation.
The yearlong “Living Healthy” cluster-randomized trial included 230 residents of rural Alabama with DM, who reported pain in the past month; communities were treated as clusters. Intervention participants received a peer-delivered 8-session structured CBT intervention in the context of diabetes self-management; attention control arm participants received a peer-delivered 8-session general health education program. Outcomes included PSE (Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale, range…
Observational Stepped-Wedge Analysis of a CHW-Led Intervention for Diabetes and Hypertension in Rural Mexico
BMJ Open. 2020 Mar 8;10(3):e034749. [Pubmed Abstract]
Worster DT, Franke MF, Bazúa R, Flores H, García Z, Krupp J, Maza J, Palazuelos L, Rodríguez K, Newman PM, Palazuelos D
There is emerging interest and data supporting the effectiveness of community health workers (CHWs) in non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in low/middle-income countries (LMICs). This study aimed to determine whether a CHW-led intervention targeting diabetes and hypertension could improve markers of clinical disease control in rural Mexico.
Design and setting
A prospective observational stepped-wedge study was conducted across seven communities in rural Chiapas, Mexico from March 2014 to April 2018.
149 adults with hypertension and/or diabetes.
This study was conducted in the context of the programmatic roll-out of an accompaniment-based CHW-led intervention designed to complement comprehensive primary care for adults with diabetes and/or hypertension….