Accelerating Best Practices in Peer Support Around the World

chronic disease

10.14.19

Cost-effectiveness of a statewide public health intervention to reduce cardiovascular disease risk

BMC Public Health. 2019 Sep 6;19(1):1234. [Pubmed Abstract]

Smith L, Atherly A, Campbell J, Flattery N, Coronel S, Krantz M

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The cost-effectiveness of community health worker (CHW)-based cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk-reduction interventions is not well established. Colorado Heart Healthy Solutions is a CHW-based intervention designed to reduce modifiable CVD risk factors. This program has previously demonstrated success, but the cost-effectiveness is unknown. CHW-based interventions are potentially attractive complements to healthcare delivery because laypersons implement the intervention at a lower cost relative to medical care and may be attractive in rural settings with limited clinical resources.

Method
CHWs performed screenings and provided ongoing participant support within predominantly rural communities. A point-of-service software tool was used to generate 10-year Framingham CVD risk scores and assist CHWs to make medical referrals and provide ongoing…

7.10.19

Application of the CHW model in adult asthma and COPD in the U.S.: a systematic review

BMC Pulm Med. 2019 Jun 26;19(1):116. [Pubmed Abstract]

Parekh TM, Copeland CR, Dransfield MT, Cherrington A

Background
With rising medical costs, stakeholders and healthcare professionals are exploring community-based solutions to relieve the burden of chronic diseases and reduce health care spending. The community health worker (CHW) model is one example that has proven effective in improving patient outcomes globally. We sought to systematically describe the effectiveness of community health worker interventions in improving patient reported outcomes and reducing healthcare utilization in the adult asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) populations in the U.S.

Methods
Studies were included if they were a randomized control trial or involved a pre-post intervention comparison with clearly stated disease specific outcomes, targeted adult patients with asthma or COPD, and were performed in the United States. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Risk…

7.10.19

Realizing the Value of CHWs — New Opportunities for Sustainable Financing

N Engl J Med. 2019 May 23;380(21):1990-1992. [Pubmed Abstract]

Lapidos A, Lapedis J, Heisler M

Health care financing in the US, especially since the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or “Obamacare,” has increased opportunities for financing peer support and community health worker (CHW) programs.  In this week’s Tuesday Tip, our colleague, Michele Heisler, and two of her other colleagues from the University of Michigan, Adrienne Lapidos and Jeremy Lapedis outline the case for routine financing of CHWs and several possible mechanisms and paths to accomplish this.

Opportunities include 2018 Medicare provisions to cover CHW and other nonmedical benefits especially for those with chronic diseases.  This follows earlier Medicaid provisions included in the ACA to cover CHW and other supportive services for those with mental health and chronic conditions.  Medicaid has also updated rules to encourage Medicaid MCOs to cover services including those addressing social…

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