Accelerating Best Practices in Peer Support Around the World

chronic disease

5.21.20

Peer Support Intervention Improves Pain-Related Outcomes Among Rural Adults With Diabetes and Chronic Pain at 12-Month Follow-Up

J Rural Health. 2020 Mar 2. doi: 10.1111/jrh.12422. [Pubmed Abstract]

Khodneva Y, Richman J, Andreae S, Cherrington A, Safford MM

Purpose
Adults with diabetes mellitus (DM) suffer often from chronic pain, yet evidence-based interventions for comorbid pain and DM are scarce. We tested the effect of a peer-led cognitive behavioral training (CBT) intervention on pain self-efficacy (PSE), pain intensity, and pain-related functional limitations (PRFL) in adults with DM, 1 year after trial initiation.

Methods
The yearlong “Living Healthy” cluster-randomized trial included 230 residents of rural Alabama with DM, who reported pain in the past month; communities were treated as clusters. Intervention participants received a peer-delivered 8-session structured CBT intervention in the context of diabetes self-management; attention control arm participants received a peer-delivered 8-session general health education program. Outcomes included PSE (Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale, range…

5.21.20

Observational Stepped-Wedge Analysis of a CHW-Led Intervention for Diabetes and Hypertension in Rural Mexico

BMJ Open. 2020 Mar 8;10(3):e034749. [Pubmed Abstract]

Worster DT, Franke MF, Bazúa R, Flores H, García Z, Krupp J, Maza J, Palazuelos L, Rodríguez K, Newman PM, Palazuelos D

Objectives
There is emerging interest and data supporting the effectiveness of community health workers (CHWs) in non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in low/middle-income countries (LMICs). This study aimed to determine whether a CHW-led intervention targeting diabetes and hypertension could improve markers of clinical disease control in rural Mexico.

Design and setting
A prospective observational stepped-wedge study was conducted across seven communities in rural Chiapas, Mexico from March 2014 to April 2018.

Participants
149 adults with hypertension and/or diabetes.

Intervention
This study was conducted in the context of the programmatic roll-out of an accompaniment-based CHW-led intervention designed to complement comprehensive primary care for adults with diabetes and/or hypertension….

3.9.20

Peer-Delivered Cognitive Behavioral Training to Improve Functioning in Patients With Diabetes

Ann Fam Med. 2020 Jan;18(1):15-23. doi: 10.1370/afm.2469. [Pubmed Abstract]

Andreae SJ, Andreae LJ, Richman JS, Cherrington AL, Safford MM

Purpose
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)-based programs delivered by trained community members could improve functioning and pain in individuals who lack access to such programs. We tested the effectiveness of a peer-delivered diabetes self-management program integrating CBT principles in improving physical activity, functional status, pain, quality of life (QOL), and health outcomes in individuals with diabetes and chronic pain.

Methods
In this community-based, cluster-randomized controlled trial, intervention participants received a 3-month, peer-delivered, telephone-administered program. Attention control participants received a peer-delivered general health advice program. Outcomes were changes in functional status and pain (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index), QOL (Short Form 12), and physiologic…

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