BMC Pulm Med. 2019 Jun 26;19(1):116. [Pubmed Abstract]
Parekh TM, Copeland CR, Dransfield MT, Cherrington A
With rising medical costs, stakeholders and healthcare professionals are exploring community-based solutions to relieve the burden of chronic diseases and reduce health care spending. The community health worker (CHW) model is one example that has proven effective in improving patient outcomes globally. We sought to systematically describe the effectiveness of community health worker interventions in improving patient reported outcomes and reducing healthcare utilization in the adult asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) populations in the U.S.
Studies were included if they were a randomized control trial or involved a pre-post intervention comparison with clearly stated disease specific outcomes, targeted adult patients with asthma or COPD, and were performed in the United States. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Risk…
N Engl J Med. 2019 May 23;380(21):1990-1992. [Pubmed Abstract]
Lapidos A, Lapedis J, Heisler M
Health care financing in the US, especially since the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or “Obamacare,” has increased opportunities for financing peer support and community health worker (CHW) programs. In this week’s Tuesday Tip, our colleague, Michele Heisler, and two of her other colleagues from the University of Michigan, Adrienne Lapidos and Jeremy Lapedis outline the case for routine financing of CHWs and several possible mechanisms and paths to accomplish this.
Opportunities include 2018 Medicare provisions to cover CHW and other nonmedical benefits especially for those with chronic diseases. This follows earlier Medicaid provisions included in the ACA to cover CHW and other supportive services for those with mental health and chronic conditions. Medicaid has also updated rules to encourage Medicaid MCOs to cover services including those addressing social…
Am J Public Health. 2017 Oct;107(10):1660-1667. [Pubmed Abstract]
Kangovi S, Mitra N, Grande D, Huo H, Smith RA, Long JA
To determine whether a community health worker (CHW) intervention improved outcomes in a low-income population with multiple chronic conditions.
We conducted a single-blind, randomized clinical trial in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (2013-2014). Participants (n = 302) were high-poverty neighborhood residents, uninsured or publicly insured, and diagnosed with 2 or more chronic diseases (diabetes, obesity, tobacco dependence, hypertension). All patients set a disease-management goal. Patients randomly assigned to CHWs also received 6 months of support tailored to their goals and preferences.
Support from CHWs (vs goal-setting alone) led to improvements in several chronic diseases (changes in glycosylated hemoglobin: -0.4 vs 0.0; body mass index: -0.3 vs -0.1; cigarettes per day: -5.5 vs -1.3; systolic blood pressure: -1.8 vs…